Linux 5.2-RC regression bisected, mounting glusterfs volumes fails after commit: fuse: require /dev/fuse reads to have enough buffer capacity

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Linux 5.2-RC regression bisected, mounting glusterfs volumes fails after commit: fuse: require /dev/fuse reads to have enough buffer capacity

Sander Eikelenboom
L.S.,

While testing a linux 5.2 kernel I noticed it fails to mount my glusterfs volumes.

It repeatedly fails with:
   [2019-06-11 09:15:27.106946] W [fuse-bridge.c:4993:fuse_thread_proc] 0-glusterfs-fuse: read from /dev/fuse returned -1 (Invalid argument)
   [2019-06-11 09:15:27.106955] W [fuse-bridge.c:4993:fuse_thread_proc] 0-glusterfs-fuse: read from /dev/fuse returned -1 (Invalid argument)
   [2019-06-11 09:15:27.106963] W [fuse-bridge.c:4993:fuse_thread_proc] 0-glusterfs-fuse: read from /dev/fuse returned -1 (Invalid argument)
   [2019-06-11 09:15:27.106971] W [fuse-bridge.c:4993:fuse_thread_proc] 0-glusterfs-fuse: read from /dev/fuse returned -1 (Invalid argument)
   etc.
   etc.

Bisecting turned up as culprit:
    commit d4b13963f217dd947da5c0cabd1569e914d21699: fuse: require /dev/fuse reads to have enough buffer capacity

The glusterfs version i'm using is from Debian stable:
    ii  glusterfs-client                3.8.8-1                      amd64        clustered file-system (client package)
    ii  glusterfs-common                3.8.8-1                      amd64        GlusterFS common libraries and translator modules


A 5.1.* kernel works fine, as does a 5.2-rc4 kernel with said commit reverted.

--
Sander
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Re: Linux 5.2-RC regression bisected, mounting glusterfs volumes fails after commit: fuse: require /dev/fuse reads to have enough buffer capacity

Amar Tumballi Suryanarayan
Thanks for the heads up! We will see how to revert / fix the issue properly for 5.2 kernel.

-Amar

On Tue, Jun 11, 2019 at 4:34 PM Sander Eikelenboom <[hidden email]> wrote:
L.S.,

While testing a linux 5.2 kernel I noticed it fails to mount my glusterfs volumes.

It repeatedly fails with:
   [2019-06-11 09:15:27.106946] W [fuse-bridge.c:4993:fuse_thread_proc] 0-glusterfs-fuse: read from /dev/fuse returned -1 (Invalid argument)
   [2019-06-11 09:15:27.106955] W [fuse-bridge.c:4993:fuse_thread_proc] 0-glusterfs-fuse: read from /dev/fuse returned -1 (Invalid argument)
   [2019-06-11 09:15:27.106963] W [fuse-bridge.c:4993:fuse_thread_proc] 0-glusterfs-fuse: read from /dev/fuse returned -1 (Invalid argument)
   [2019-06-11 09:15:27.106971] W [fuse-bridge.c:4993:fuse_thread_proc] 0-glusterfs-fuse: read from /dev/fuse returned -1 (Invalid argument)
   etc.
   etc.

Bisecting turned up as culprit:
    commit d4b13963f217dd947da5c0cabd1569e914d21699: fuse: require /dev/fuse reads to have enough buffer capacity

The glusterfs version i'm using is from Debian stable:
    ii  glusterfs-client                3.8.8-1                      amd64        clustered file-system (client package)
    ii  glusterfs-common                3.8.8-1                      amd64        GlusterFS common libraries and translator modules


A 5.1.* kernel works fine, as does a 5.2-rc4 kernel with said commit reverted.

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Sander
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Amar Tumballi (amarts)

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Re: Linux 5.2-RC regression bisected, mounting glusterfs volumes fails after commit: fuse: require /dev/fuse reads to have enough buffer capacity

Miklos Szeredi
In reply to this post by Sander Eikelenboom
On Tue, Jun 11, 2019 at 1:03 PM Sander Eikelenboom <[hidden email]> wrote:

>
> L.S.,
>
> While testing a linux 5.2 kernel I noticed it fails to mount my glusterfs volumes.
>
> It repeatedly fails with:
>    [2019-06-11 09:15:27.106946] W [fuse-bridge.c:4993:fuse_thread_proc] 0-glusterfs-fuse: read from /dev/fuse returned -1 (Invalid argument)
>    [2019-06-11 09:15:27.106955] W [fuse-bridge.c:4993:fuse_thread_proc] 0-glusterfs-fuse: read from /dev/fuse returned -1 (Invalid argument)
>    [2019-06-11 09:15:27.106963] W [fuse-bridge.c:4993:fuse_thread_proc] 0-glusterfs-fuse: read from /dev/fuse returned -1 (Invalid argument)
>    [2019-06-11 09:15:27.106971] W [fuse-bridge.c:4993:fuse_thread_proc] 0-glusterfs-fuse: read from /dev/fuse returned -1 (Invalid argument)
>    etc.
>    etc.
>
> Bisecting turned up as culprit:
>     commit d4b13963f217dd947da5c0cabd1569e914d21699: fuse: require /dev/fuse reads to have enough buffer capacity
>
> The glusterfs version i'm using is from Debian stable:
>     ii  glusterfs-client                3.8.8-1                      amd64        clustered file-system (client package)
>     ii  glusterfs-common                3.8.8-1                      amd64        GlusterFS common libraries and translator modules
>
>
> A 5.1.* kernel works fine, as does a 5.2-rc4 kernel with said commit reverted.

Thanks for the report, reverted the bad commit.

Thanks,
Miklos
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Re: Linux 5.2-RC regression bisected, mounting glusterfs volumes fails after commit: fuse: require /dev/fuse reads to have enough buffer capacity

Kirill Smelkov-4
On Tue, Jun 11, 2019 at 01:52:14PM +0200, Miklos Szeredi wrote:

> On Tue, Jun 11, 2019 at 1:03 PM Sander Eikelenboom <[hidden email]> wrote:
> >
> > L.S.,
> >
> > While testing a linux 5.2 kernel I noticed it fails to mount my glusterfs volumes.
> >
> > It repeatedly fails with:
> >    [2019-06-11 09:15:27.106946] W [fuse-bridge.c:4993:fuse_thread_proc] 0-glusterfs-fuse: read from /dev/fuse returned -1 (Invalid argument)
> >    [2019-06-11 09:15:27.106955] W [fuse-bridge.c:4993:fuse_thread_proc] 0-glusterfs-fuse: read from /dev/fuse returned -1 (Invalid argument)
> >    [2019-06-11 09:15:27.106963] W [fuse-bridge.c:4993:fuse_thread_proc] 0-glusterfs-fuse: read from /dev/fuse returned -1 (Invalid argument)
> >    [2019-06-11 09:15:27.106971] W [fuse-bridge.c:4993:fuse_thread_proc] 0-glusterfs-fuse: read from /dev/fuse returned -1 (Invalid argument)
> >    etc.
> >    etc.
> >
> > Bisecting turned up as culprit:
> >     commit d4b13963f217dd947da5c0cabd1569e914d21699: fuse: require /dev/fuse reads to have enough buffer capacity
> >
> > The glusterfs version i'm using is from Debian stable:
> >     ii  glusterfs-client                3.8.8-1                      amd64        clustered file-system (client package)
> >     ii  glusterfs-common                3.8.8-1                      amd64        GlusterFS common libraries and translator modules
> >
> >
> > A 5.1.* kernel works fine, as does a 5.2-rc4 kernel with said commit reverted.
>
> Thanks for the report, reverted the bad commit.

First of all I'm sorry for breaking things here. The diff of the guilty
commit is

        --- a/fs/fuse/dev.c
        +++ b/fs/fuse/dev.c
        @@ -1317,6 +1317,16 @@ static ssize_t fuse_dev_do_read(struct fuse_dev *fud, struct file *file,
                unsigned reqsize;
                unsigned int hash;
         
        +       /*
        +        * Require sane minimum read buffer - that has capacity for fixed part
        +        * of any request header + negotated max_write room for data. If the
        +        * requirement is not satisfied return EINVAL to the filesystem server
        +        * to indicate that it is not following FUSE server/client contract.
        +        * Don't dequeue / abort any request.
        +        */
        +       if (nbytes < max_t(size_t, FUSE_MIN_READ_BUFFER, 4096 + fc->max_write))
        +               return -EINVAL;
        +
          restart:
                spin_lock(&fiq->waitq.lock);
                err = -EAGAIN;

and it was essentially requesting that the filesystem server provide
4K+<negotiated_max_write> buffer for reads from /dev/fuse. That 4K was meant as
space for FUSE request header, citing commit:

    Before getting into operation phase, FUSE filesystem server and kernel
    client negotiate what should be the maximum write size the client will
    ever issue. After negotiation the contract in between server/client is
    that the filesystem server then should queue /dev/fuse sys_read calls with
    enough buffer capacity to receive any client request - WRITE in
    particular, while FUSE client should not, in particular, send WRITE
    requests with > negotiated max_write payload. FUSE client in kernel and
    libfuse historically reserve 4K for request header. This way the
    contract is that filesystem server should queue sys_reads with
    4K+max_write buffer.

I could reproduce the problem and as it turns out what broke here is that
glusterfs is using not 4K but a smaller room for header - 80 bytes for
gluster-3.8 being `sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_write_in)`:

https://github.com/gluster/glusterfs/blob/v3.8.15-0-gd174f021a/xlators/mount/fuse/src/fuse-bridge.c#L4894


Since

        `sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_write_in)` ==
        `sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_read_in)`

is the absolute minimum any sane filesystem should be using for header room, can
we please restore the patch with that value instead of 4K?

That patch was there in the first place to help diagnose stuck fuse
servers much more easier, citing commit:

    If the filesystem server does not follow this contract, what can happen
    is that fuse_dev_do_read will see that request size is > buffer size,
    and then it will return EIO to client who issued the request but won't
    indicate in any way that there is a problem to filesystem server.
    This can be hard to diagnose because for some requests, e.g. for
    NOTIFY_REPLY which mimics WRITE, there is no client thread that is
    waiting for request completion and that EIO goes nowhere, while on
    filesystem server side things look like the kernel is not replying back
    after successful NOTIFY_RETRIEVE request made by the server.

    We can make the problem easy to diagnose if we indicate via error return to
    filesystem server when it is violating the contract.  This should not
    practically cause problems because if a filesystem server is using shorter
    buffer, writes to it were already very likely to cause EIO, and if the
    filesystem is read-only it should be too following FUSE_MIN_READ_BUFFER
    minimum buffer size.

    Please see [1] for context where the problem of stuck filesystem was hit
    for real (because kernel client was incorrectly sending more than
    max_write data with NOTIFY_REPLY; see also previous patch), how the
    situation was traced and for more involving patch that did not make it
    into the tree.

    [1] https://marc.info/?l=linux-fsdevel&m=155057023600853&w=2

so it would be a pity to loose that property.

Miklos, would 4K -> `sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_write_in)` for
header room change be accepted?

Kirill
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Re: Linux 5.2-RC regression bisected, mounting glusterfs volumes fails after commit: fuse: require /dev/fuse reads to have enough buffer capacity

Miklos Szeredi-2
On Tue, Jun 11, 2019 at 10:28 PM Kirill Smelkov <[hidden email]> wrote:

> Miklos, would 4K -> `sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_write_in)` for
> header room change be accepted?

Yes, next cycle.   For 4.2 I'll just push the revert.

Thanks,
Miklos
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[PATCH] fuse: require /dev/fuse reads to have enough buffer capacity (take 2)

Kirill Smelkov-4
On Wed, Jun 12, 2019 at 09:44:49AM +0200, Miklos Szeredi wrote:
> On Tue, Jun 11, 2019 at 10:28 PM Kirill Smelkov <[hidden email]> wrote:
>
> > Miklos, would 4K -> `sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_write_in)` for
> > header room change be accepted?
>
> Yes, next cycle.   For 4.2 I'll just push the revert.

Thanks Miklos. Please consider queuing the following patch for 5.3.
Sander, could you please confirm that glusterfs is not broken with this
version of the check?

Thanks beforehand,
Kirill

---- 8< ----
From 24a04e8be9bbf6e67de9e1908dcbe95d426d2521 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Kirill Smelkov <[hidden email]>
Date: Wed, 27 Mar 2019 10:15:15 +0000
Subject: [PATCH] fuse: require /dev/fuse reads to have enough buffer capacity (take 2)

[ This retries commit d4b13963f217 which was reverted in 766741fcaa1f.

  In this version we require only `sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_write_in)`
  instead of 4K for FUSE request header room, because, contrary to
  libfuse and kernel client behaviour, GlusterFS actually provides only
  so much room for request header. ]

A FUSE filesystem server queues /dev/fuse sys_read calls to get
filesystem requests to handle. It does not know in advance what would be
that request as it can be anything that client issues - LOOKUP, READ,
WRITE, ... Many requests are short and retrieve data from the
filesystem. However WRITE and NOTIFY_REPLY write data into filesystem.

Before getting into operation phase, FUSE filesystem server and kernel
client negotiate what should be the maximum write size the client will
ever issue. After negotiation the contract in between server/client is
that the filesystem server then should queue /dev/fuse sys_read calls with
enough buffer capacity to receive any client request - WRITE in
particular, while FUSE client should not, in particular, send WRITE
requests with > negotiated max_write payload. FUSE client in kernel and
libfuse historically reserve 4K for request header. However an existing
filesystem server - GlusterFS - was found which reserves only 80 bytes
for header room (= `sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_write_in)`).

https://lore.kernel.org/linux-fsdevel/20190611202738.GA22556@.../
https://github.com/gluster/glusterfs/blob/v3.8.15-0-gd174f021a/xlators/mount/fuse/src/fuse-bridge.c#L4894

Since

        `sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_write_in)` ==
        `sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_read_in)`  ==
        `sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_notify_retrieve_in)`

is the absolute minimum any sane filesystem should be using for header
room, the contract is that filesystem server should queue sys_reads with
`sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_write_in)` + max_write buffer.

If the filesystem server does not follow this contract, what can happen
is that fuse_dev_do_read will see that request size is > buffer size,
and then it will return EIO to client who issued the request but won't
indicate in any way that there is a problem to filesystem server.
This can be hard to diagnose because for some requests, e.g. for
NOTIFY_REPLY which mimics WRITE, there is no client thread that is
waiting for request completion and that EIO goes nowhere, while on
filesystem server side things look like the kernel is not replying back
after successful NOTIFY_RETRIEVE request made by the server.

We can make the problem easy to diagnose if we indicate via error return to
filesystem server when it is violating the contract.  This should not
practically cause problems because if a filesystem server is using shorter
buffer, writes to it were already very likely to cause EIO, and if the
filesystem is read-only it should be too following FUSE_MIN_READ_BUFFER
minimum buffer size.

Please see [1] for context where the problem of stuck filesystem was hit
for real (because kernel client was incorrectly sending more than
max_write data with NOTIFY_REPLY; see also previous patch), how the
situation was traced and for more involving patch that did not make it
into the tree.

[1] https://marc.info/?l=linux-fsdevel&m=155057023600853&w=2

Signed-off-by: Kirill Smelkov <[hidden email]>
Cc: Han-Wen Nienhuys <[hidden email]>
Cc: Jakob Unterwurzacher <[hidden email]>
Signed-off-by: Miklos Szeredi <[hidden email]>
---
 fs/fuse/dev.c | 19 +++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 19 insertions(+)

diff --git a/fs/fuse/dev.c b/fs/fuse/dev.c
index ea8237513dfa..15531ba560b5 100644
--- a/fs/fuse/dev.c
+++ b/fs/fuse/dev.c
@@ -1317,6 +1317,25 @@ static ssize_t fuse_dev_do_read(struct fuse_dev *fud, struct file *file,
  unsigned reqsize;
  unsigned int hash;
 
+ /*
+ * Require sane minimum read buffer - that has capacity for fixed part
+ * of any request header + negotiated max_write room for data. If the
+ * requirement is not satisfied return EINVAL to the filesystem server
+ * to indicate that it is not following FUSE server/client contract.
+ * Don't dequeue / abort any request.
+ *
+ * Historically libfuse reserves 4K for fixed header room, but e.g.
+ * GlusterFS reserves only 80 bytes
+ *
+ * = `sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_write_in)`
+ *
+ * which is the absolute minimum any sane filesystem should be using
+ * for header room.
+ */
+ if (nbytes < max_t(size_t, FUSE_MIN_READ_BUFFER,
+   sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_write_in) + fc->max_write))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
  restart:
  spin_lock(&fiq->waitq.lock);
  err = -EAGAIN;
--
2.20.1
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Re: [PATCH] fuse: require /dev/fuse reads to have enough buffer capacity (take 2)

Sander Eikelenboom
On 12/06/2019 13:25, Kirill Smelkov wrote:

> On Wed, Jun 12, 2019 at 09:44:49AM +0200, Miklos Szeredi wrote:
>> On Tue, Jun 11, 2019 at 10:28 PM Kirill Smelkov <[hidden email]> wrote:
>>
>>> Miklos, would 4K -> `sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_write_in)` for
>>> header room change be accepted?
>>
>> Yes, next cycle.   For 4.2 I'll just push the revert.
>
> Thanks Miklos. Please consider queuing the following patch for 5.3.
> Sander, could you please confirm that glusterfs is not broken with this
> version of the check?
>
> Thanks beforehand,
> Kirill

Sure will give it a spin this evening and report back.

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Re: [PATCH] fuse: require /dev/fuse reads to have enough buffer capacity (take 2)

Sander Eikelenboom
In reply to this post by Kirill Smelkov-4
On 12/06/2019 13:25, Kirill Smelkov wrote:

> On Wed, Jun 12, 2019 at 09:44:49AM +0200, Miklos Szeredi wrote:
>> On Tue, Jun 11, 2019 at 10:28 PM Kirill Smelkov <[hidden email]> wrote:
>>
>>> Miklos, would 4K -> `sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_write_in)` for
>>> header room change be accepted?
>>
>> Yes, next cycle.   For 4.2 I'll just push the revert.
>
> Thanks Miklos. Please consider queuing the following patch for 5.3.
> Sander, could you please confirm that glusterfs is not broken with this
> version of the check?
>
> Thanks beforehand,
> Kirill


Hmm unfortunately it doesn't build, see below.

--
Sander


In file included from ./include/linux/list.h:9:0,
                 from ./include/linux/wait.h:7,
                 from ./include/linux/wait_bit.h:8,
                 from ./include/linux/fs.h:6,
                 from fs/fuse/fuse_i.h:17,
                 from fs/fuse/dev.c:9:
fs/fuse/dev.c: In function ‘fuse_dev_do_read’:
fs/fuse/dev.c:1336:14: error: ‘fuse_in_header’ undeclared (first use in this function)
       sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_write_in) + fc->max_write))
              ^
./include/linux/kernel.h:818:40: note: in definition of macro ‘__typecheck’
   (!!(sizeof((typeof(x) *)1 == (typeof(y) *)1)))
                                        ^
./include/linux/kernel.h:842:24: note: in expansion of macro ‘__safe_cmp’
  __builtin_choose_expr(__safe_cmp(x, y), \
                        ^~~~~~~~~~
./include/linux/kernel.h:918:27: note: in expansion of macro ‘__careful_cmp’
 #define max_t(type, x, y) __careful_cmp((type)(x), (type)(y), >)
                           ^~~~~~~~~~~~~
fs/fuse/dev.c:1335:15: note: in expansion of macro ‘max_t’
  if (nbytes < max_t(size_t, FUSE_MIN_READ_BUFFER,
               ^~~~~
fs/fuse/dev.c:1336:14: note: each undeclared identifier is reported only once for each function it appears in
       sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_write_in) + fc->max_write))
              ^
./include/linux/kernel.h:818:40: note: in definition of macro ‘__typecheck’
   (!!(sizeof((typeof(x) *)1 == (typeof(y) *)1)))
                                        ^
./include/linux/kernel.h:842:24: note: in expansion of macro ‘__safe_cmp’
  __builtin_choose_expr(__safe_cmp(x, y), \
                        ^~~~~~~~~~
./include/linux/kernel.h:918:27: note: in expansion of macro ‘__careful_cmp’
 #define max_t(type, x, y) __careful_cmp((type)(x), (type)(y), >)
                           ^~~~~~~~~~~~~
fs/fuse/dev.c:1335:15: note: in expansion of macro ‘max_t’
  if (nbytes < max_t(size_t, FUSE_MIN_READ_BUFFER,
               ^~~~~
fs/fuse/dev.c:1336:39: error: ‘fuse_write_in’ undeclared (first use in this function)
       sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_write_in) + fc->max_write))
                                       ^
./include/linux/kernel.h:818:40: note: in definition of macro ‘__typecheck’
   (!!(sizeof((typeof(x) *)1 == (typeof(y) *)1)))
                                        ^
./include/linux/kernel.h:842:24: note: in expansion of macro ‘__safe_cmp’
  __builtin_choose_expr(__safe_cmp(x, y), \
                        ^~~~~~~~~~
./include/linux/kernel.h:918:27: note: in expansion of macro ‘__careful_cmp’
 #define max_t(type, x, y) __careful_cmp((type)(x), (type)(y), >)
                           ^~~~~~~~~~~~~
fs/fuse/dev.c:1335:15: note: in expansion of macro ‘max_t’
  if (nbytes < max_t(size_t, FUSE_MIN_READ_BUFFER,
               ^~~~~
./include/linux/kernel.h:842:2: error: first argument to ‘__builtin_choose_expr’ not a constant
  __builtin_choose_expr(__safe_cmp(x, y), \
  ^
./include/linux/kernel.h:918:27: note: in expansion of macro ‘__careful_cmp’
 #define max_t(type, x, y) __careful_cmp((type)(x), (type)(y), >)
                           ^~~~~~~~~~~~~
fs/fuse/dev.c:1335:15: note: in expansion of macro ‘max_t’
  if (nbytes < max_t(size_t, FUSE_MIN_READ_BUFFER,
               ^~~~~
scripts/Makefile.build:278: recipe for target 'fs/fuse/dev.o' failed
make[3]: *** [fs/fuse/dev.o] Error 1
scripts/Makefile.build:489: recipe for target 'fs/fuse' failed
make[2]: *** [fs/fuse] Error 2


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Re: [PATCH] fuse: require /dev/fuse reads to have enough buffer capacity (take 2)

Kirill Smelkov-4
On Wed, Jun 12, 2019 at 03:03:49PM +0200, Sander Eikelenboom wrote:

> On 12/06/2019 13:25, Kirill Smelkov wrote:
> > On Wed, Jun 12, 2019 at 09:44:49AM +0200, Miklos Szeredi wrote:
> >> On Tue, Jun 11, 2019 at 10:28 PM Kirill Smelkov <[hidden email]> wrote:
> >>
> >>> Miklos, would 4K -> `sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_write_in)` for
> >>> header room change be accepted?
> >>
> >> Yes, next cycle.   For 4.2 I'll just push the revert.
> >
> > Thanks Miklos. Please consider queuing the following patch for 5.3.
> > Sander, could you please confirm that glusterfs is not broken with this
> > version of the check?
> >
> > Thanks beforehand,
> > Kirill
>
>
> Hmm unfortunately it doesn't build, see below.
> [...]
> fs/fuse/dev.c:1336:14: error: ‘fuse_in_header’ undeclared (first use in this function)
>        sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_write_in) + fc->max_write))

Sorry, my bad, it was missing "struct" before fuse_in_header. I
originally compile-tested the patch with `make -j4`, was distracted onto
other topic and did not see the error after returning due to long tail
of successful CC lines. Apologize for the inconvenience. Below is a
fixed patch that was both compile-tested and runtime-tested with my FUSE
workloads (non-glusterfs).

Kirill

---- 8< ----
From 98fd29bb6789d5f6c346274b99d47008ad856607 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Kirill Smelkov <[hidden email]>
Date: Wed, 12 Jun 2019 17:06:18 +0300
Subject: [PATCH v2] fuse: require /dev/fuse reads to have enough buffer capacity (take 2)

[ This retries commit d4b13963f217 which was reverted in 766741fcaa1f.

  In this version we require only `sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_write_in)`
  instead of 4K for FUSE request header room, because, contrary to
  libfuse and kernel client behaviour, GlusterFS actually provides only
  so much room for request header. ]

A FUSE filesystem server queues /dev/fuse sys_read calls to get
filesystem requests to handle. It does not know in advance what would be
that request as it can be anything that client issues - LOOKUP, READ,
WRITE, ... Many requests are short and retrieve data from the
filesystem. However WRITE and NOTIFY_REPLY write data into filesystem.

Before getting into operation phase, FUSE filesystem server and kernel
client negotiate what should be the maximum write size the client will
ever issue. After negotiation the contract in between server/client is
that the filesystem server then should queue /dev/fuse sys_read calls with
enough buffer capacity to receive any client request - WRITE in
particular, while FUSE client should not, in particular, send WRITE
requests with > negotiated max_write payload. FUSE client in kernel and
libfuse historically reserve 4K for request header. However an existing
filesystem server - GlusterFS - was found which reserves only 80 bytes
for header room (= `sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_write_in)`).

https://lore.kernel.org/linux-fsdevel/20190611202738.GA22556@.../
https://github.com/gluster/glusterfs/blob/v3.8.15-0-gd174f021a/xlators/mount/fuse/src/fuse-bridge.c#L4894

Since

        `sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_write_in)` ==
        `sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_read_in)`  ==
        `sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_notify_retrieve_in)`

is the absolute minimum any sane filesystem should be using for header
room, the contract is that filesystem server should queue sys_reads with
`sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_write_in)` + max_write buffer.

If the filesystem server does not follow this contract, what can happen
is that fuse_dev_do_read will see that request size is > buffer size,
and then it will return EIO to client who issued the request but won't
indicate in any way that there is a problem to filesystem server.
This can be hard to diagnose because for some requests, e.g. for
NOTIFY_REPLY which mimics WRITE, there is no client thread that is
waiting for request completion and that EIO goes nowhere, while on
filesystem server side things look like the kernel is not replying back
after successful NOTIFY_RETRIEVE request made by the server.

We can make the problem easy to diagnose if we indicate via error return to
filesystem server when it is violating the contract.  This should not
practically cause problems because if a filesystem server is using shorter
buffer, writes to it were already very likely to cause EIO, and if the
filesystem is read-only it should be too following FUSE_MIN_READ_BUFFER
minimum buffer size.

Please see [1] for context where the problem of stuck filesystem was hit
for real (because kernel client was incorrectly sending more than
max_write data with NOTIFY_REPLY; see also previous patch), how the
situation was traced and for more involving patch that did not make it
into the tree.

[1] https://marc.info/?l=linux-fsdevel&m=155057023600853&w=2

Signed-off-by: Kirill Smelkov <[hidden email]>
Cc: Han-Wen Nienhuys <[hidden email]>
Cc: Jakob Unterwurzacher <[hidden email]>
---
 fs/fuse/dev.c | 20 ++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 20 insertions(+)

diff --git a/fs/fuse/dev.c b/fs/fuse/dev.c
index ea8237513dfa..b2b2344eadcf 100644
--- a/fs/fuse/dev.c
+++ b/fs/fuse/dev.c
@@ -1317,6 +1317,26 @@ static ssize_t fuse_dev_do_read(struct fuse_dev *fud, struct file *file,
  unsigned reqsize;
  unsigned int hash;
 
+ /*
+ * Require sane minimum read buffer - that has capacity for fixed part
+ * of any request header + negotiated max_write room for data. If the
+ * requirement is not satisfied return EINVAL to the filesystem server
+ * to indicate that it is not following FUSE server/client contract.
+ * Don't dequeue / abort any request.
+ *
+ * Historically libfuse reserves 4K for fixed header room, but e.g.
+ * GlusterFS reserves only 80 bytes
+ *
+ * = `sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_write_in)`
+ *
+ * which is the absolute minimum any sane filesystem should be using
+ * for header room.
+ */
+ if (nbytes < max_t(size_t, FUSE_MIN_READ_BUFFER,
+   sizeof(struct fuse_in_header) + sizeof(struct fuse_write_in) +
+ fc->max_write))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
  restart:
  spin_lock(&fiq->waitq.lock);
  err = -EAGAIN;
--
2.20.1

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Re: [PATCH] fuse: require /dev/fuse reads to have enough buffer capacity (take 2)

Sander Eikelenboom
On 12/06/2019 16:12, Kirill Smelkov wrote:

> On Wed, Jun 12, 2019 at 03:03:49PM +0200, Sander Eikelenboom wrote:
>> On 12/06/2019 13:25, Kirill Smelkov wrote:
>>> On Wed, Jun 12, 2019 at 09:44:49AM +0200, Miklos Szeredi wrote:
>>>> On Tue, Jun 11, 2019 at 10:28 PM Kirill Smelkov <[hidden email]> wrote:
>>>>
>>>>> Miklos, would 4K -> `sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_write_in)` for
>>>>> header room change be accepted?
>>>>
>>>> Yes, next cycle.   For 4.2 I'll just push the revert.
>>>
>>> Thanks Miklos. Please consider queuing the following patch for 5.3.
>>> Sander, could you please confirm that glusterfs is not broken with this
>>> version of the check?
>>>
>>> Thanks beforehand,
>>> Kirill
>>
>>
>> Hmm unfortunately it doesn't build, see below.
>> [...]
>> fs/fuse/dev.c:1336:14: error: ‘fuse_in_header’ undeclared (first use in this function)
>>        sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_write_in) + fc->max_write))
>
> Sorry, my bad, it was missing "struct" before fuse_in_header. I
> originally compile-tested the patch with `make -j4`, was distracted onto
> other topic and did not see the error after returning due to long tail
> of successful CC lines. Apologize for the inconvenience. Below is a
> fixed patch that was both compile-tested and runtime-tested with my FUSE
> workloads (non-glusterfs).
>
> Kirill
>

Just tested and it works for me, thanks !

--
Sander
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Re: [PATCH] fuse: require /dev/fuse reads to have enough buffer capacity (take 2)

Kirill Smelkov-4
On Wed, Jun 12, 2019 at 06:28:17PM +0200, Sander Eikelenboom wrote:

> On 12/06/2019 16:12, Kirill Smelkov wrote:
> > On Wed, Jun 12, 2019 at 03:03:49PM +0200, Sander Eikelenboom wrote:
> >> On 12/06/2019 13:25, Kirill Smelkov wrote:
> >>> On Wed, Jun 12, 2019 at 09:44:49AM +0200, Miklos Szeredi wrote:
> >>>> On Tue, Jun 11, 2019 at 10:28 PM Kirill Smelkov <[hidden email]> wrote:
> >>>>
> >>>>> Miklos, would 4K -> `sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_write_in)` for
> >>>>> header room change be accepted?
> >>>>
> >>>> Yes, next cycle.   For 4.2 I'll just push the revert.
> >>>
> >>> Thanks Miklos. Please consider queuing the following patch for 5.3.
> >>> Sander, could you please confirm that glusterfs is not broken with this
> >>> version of the check?
> >>>
> >>> Thanks beforehand,
> >>> Kirill
> >>
> >>
> >> Hmm unfortunately it doesn't build, see below.
> >> [...]
> >> fs/fuse/dev.c:1336:14: error: ‘fuse_in_header’ undeclared (first use in this function)
> >>        sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_write_in) + fc->max_write))
> >
> > Sorry, my bad, it was missing "struct" before fuse_in_header. I
> > originally compile-tested the patch with `make -j4`, was distracted onto
> > other topic and did not see the error after returning due to long tail
> > of successful CC lines. Apologize for the inconvenience. Below is a
> > fixed patch that was both compile-tested and runtime-tested with my FUSE
> > workloads (non-glusterfs).
> >
> > Kirill
> >
>
> Just tested and it works for me, thanks !

Thanks for feedback. Kirill

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[PATCH, RESEND] fuse: require /dev/fuse reads to have enough buffer capacity (take 2)

Kirill Smelkov-4
In reply to this post by Sander Eikelenboom
[ This retries commit d4b13963f217 which was reverted in 766741fcaa1f.

  In this version we require only `sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_write_in)`
  instead of 4K for FUSE request header room, because, contrary to
  libfuse and kernel client behaviour, GlusterFS actually provides only
  so much room for request header. ]

A FUSE filesystem server queues /dev/fuse sys_read calls to get
filesystem requests to handle. It does not know in advance what would be
that request as it can be anything that client issues - LOOKUP, READ,
WRITE, ... Many requests are short and retrieve data from the
filesystem. However WRITE and NOTIFY_REPLY write data into filesystem.

Before getting into operation phase, FUSE filesystem server and kernel
client negotiate what should be the maximum write size the client will
ever issue. After negotiation the contract in between server/client is
that the filesystem server then should queue /dev/fuse sys_read calls with
enough buffer capacity to receive any client request - WRITE in
particular, while FUSE client should not, in particular, send WRITE
requests with > negotiated max_write payload. FUSE client in kernel and
libfuse historically reserve 4K for request header. However an existing
filesystem server - GlusterFS - was found which reserves only 80 bytes
for header room (= `sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_write_in)`).

https://lore.kernel.org/linux-fsdevel/20190611202738.GA22556@.../
https://github.com/gluster/glusterfs/blob/v3.8.15-0-gd174f021a/xlators/mount/fuse/src/fuse-bridge.c#L4894

Since

        `sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_write_in)` ==
        `sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_read_in)`  ==
        `sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_notify_retrieve_in)`

is the absolute minimum any sane filesystem should be using for header
room, the contract is that filesystem server should queue sys_reads with
`sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_write_in)` + max_write buffer.

If the filesystem server does not follow this contract, what can happen
is that fuse_dev_do_read will see that request size is > buffer size,
and then it will return EIO to client who issued the request but won't
indicate in any way that there is a problem to filesystem server.
This can be hard to diagnose because for some requests, e.g. for
NOTIFY_REPLY which mimics WRITE, there is no client thread that is
waiting for request completion and that EIO goes nowhere, while on
filesystem server side things look like the kernel is not replying back
after successful NOTIFY_RETRIEVE request made by the server.

We can make the problem easy to diagnose if we indicate via error return to
filesystem server when it is violating the contract.  This should not
practically cause problems because if a filesystem server is using shorter
buffer, writes to it were already very likely to cause EIO, and if the
filesystem is read-only it should be too following FUSE_MIN_READ_BUFFER
minimum buffer size.

Please see [1] for context where the problem of stuck filesystem was hit
for real (because kernel client was incorrectly sending more than
max_write data with NOTIFY_REPLY; see also previous patch), how the
situation was traced and for more involving patch that did not make it
into the tree.

[1] https://marc.info/?l=linux-fsdevel&m=155057023600853&w=2

Signed-off-by: Kirill Smelkov <[hidden email]>
Tested-by: Sander Eikelenboom <[hidden email]>
Cc: Han-Wen Nienhuys <[hidden email]>
Cc: Jakob Unterwurzacher <[hidden email]>
---
 fs/fuse/dev.c | 20 ++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 20 insertions(+)

diff --git a/fs/fuse/dev.c b/fs/fuse/dev.c
index ea8237513dfa..b2b2344eadcf 100644
--- a/fs/fuse/dev.c
+++ b/fs/fuse/dev.c
@@ -1317,6 +1317,26 @@ static ssize_t fuse_dev_do_read(struct fuse_dev *fud, struct file *file,
  unsigned reqsize;
  unsigned int hash;
 
+ /*
+ * Require sane minimum read buffer - that has capacity for fixed part
+ * of any request header + negotiated max_write room for data. If the
+ * requirement is not satisfied return EINVAL to the filesystem server
+ * to indicate that it is not following FUSE server/client contract.
+ * Don't dequeue / abort any request.
+ *
+ * Historically libfuse reserves 4K for fixed header room, but e.g.
+ * GlusterFS reserves only 80 bytes
+ *
+ * = `sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_write_in)`
+ *
+ * which is the absolute minimum any sane filesystem should be using
+ * for header room.
+ */
+ if (nbytes < max_t(size_t, FUSE_MIN_READ_BUFFER,
+   sizeof(struct fuse_in_header) + sizeof(struct fuse_write_in) +
+ fc->max_write))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
  restart:
  spin_lock(&fiq->waitq.lock);
  err = -EAGAIN;
--
2.20.1
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[PATCH, RESEND2] fuse: require /dev/fuse reads to have enough buffer capacity (take 2)

Kirill Smelkov-4
[ This retries commit d4b13963f217 which was reverted in 766741fcaa1f.

  In this version we require only `sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_write_in)`
  instead of 4K for FUSE request header room, because, contrary to
  libfuse and kernel client behaviour, GlusterFS actually provides only
  so much room for request header. ]

A FUSE filesystem server queues /dev/fuse sys_read calls to get
filesystem requests to handle. It does not know in advance what would be
that request as it can be anything that client issues - LOOKUP, READ,
WRITE, ... Many requests are short and retrieve data from the
filesystem. However WRITE and NOTIFY_REPLY write data into filesystem.

Before getting into operation phase, FUSE filesystem server and kernel
client negotiate what should be the maximum write size the client will
ever issue. After negotiation the contract in between server/client is
that the filesystem server then should queue /dev/fuse sys_read calls with
enough buffer capacity to receive any client request - WRITE in
particular, while FUSE client should not, in particular, send WRITE
requests with > negotiated max_write payload. FUSE client in kernel and
libfuse historically reserve 4K for request header. However an existing
filesystem server - GlusterFS - was found which reserves only 80 bytes
for header room (= `sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_write_in)`).

https://lore.kernel.org/linux-fsdevel/20190611202738.GA22556@.../
https://github.com/gluster/glusterfs/blob/v3.8.15-0-gd174f021a/xlators/mount/fuse/src/fuse-bridge.c#L4894

Since

        `sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_write_in)` ==
        `sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_read_in)`  ==
        `sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_notify_retrieve_in)`

is the absolute minimum any sane filesystem should be using for header
room, the contract is that filesystem server should queue sys_reads with
`sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_write_in)` + max_write buffer.

If the filesystem server does not follow this contract, what can happen
is that fuse_dev_do_read will see that request size is > buffer size,
and then it will return EIO to client who issued the request but won't
indicate in any way that there is a problem to filesystem server.
This can be hard to diagnose because for some requests, e.g. for
NOTIFY_REPLY which mimics WRITE, there is no client thread that is
waiting for request completion and that EIO goes nowhere, while on
filesystem server side things look like the kernel is not replying back
after successful NOTIFY_RETRIEVE request made by the server.

We can make the problem easy to diagnose if we indicate via error return to
filesystem server when it is violating the contract.  This should not
practically cause problems because if a filesystem server is using shorter
buffer, writes to it were already very likely to cause EIO, and if the
filesystem is read-only it should be too following FUSE_MIN_READ_BUFFER
minimum buffer size.

Please see [1] for context where the problem of stuck filesystem was hit
for real (because kernel client was incorrectly sending more than
max_write data with NOTIFY_REPLY; see also previous patch), how the
situation was traced and for more involving patch that did not make it
into the tree.

[1] https://marc.info/?l=linux-fsdevel&m=155057023600853&w=2

Signed-off-by: Kirill Smelkov <[hidden email]>
Tested-by: Sander Eikelenboom <[hidden email]>
Cc: Han-Wen Nienhuys <[hidden email]>
Cc: Jakob Unterwurzacher <[hidden email]>
---
 fs/fuse/dev.c | 20 ++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 20 insertions(+)

diff --git a/fs/fuse/dev.c b/fs/fuse/dev.c
index ea8237513dfa..b2b2344eadcf 100644
--- a/fs/fuse/dev.c
+++ b/fs/fuse/dev.c
@@ -1317,6 +1317,26 @@ static ssize_t fuse_dev_do_read(struct fuse_dev *fud, struct file *file,
  unsigned reqsize;
  unsigned int hash;
 
+ /*
+ * Require sane minimum read buffer - that has capacity for fixed part
+ * of any request header + negotiated max_write room for data. If the
+ * requirement is not satisfied return EINVAL to the filesystem server
+ * to indicate that it is not following FUSE server/client contract.
+ * Don't dequeue / abort any request.
+ *
+ * Historically libfuse reserves 4K for fixed header room, but e.g.
+ * GlusterFS reserves only 80 bytes
+ *
+ * = `sizeof(fuse_in_header) + sizeof(fuse_write_in)`
+ *
+ * which is the absolute minimum any sane filesystem should be using
+ * for header room.
+ */
+ if (nbytes < max_t(size_t, FUSE_MIN_READ_BUFFER,
+   sizeof(struct fuse_in_header) + sizeof(struct fuse_write_in) +
+ fc->max_write))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
  restart:
  spin_lock(&fiq->waitq.lock);
  err = -EAGAIN;
--
2.20.1
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